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Austria far right: Freedom Party wins key posts in new government

Saturday 16 December 2017, by siawi3

Source: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-42379985

Austria far right: Freedom Party wins key posts in new government

29 minutes ago
16.12.17

Image copyright AFP
Image caption Sebastian Kurz (R) has agreed a coalition deal with far-right party leader Heinz-Christian Strache

The far-right Freedom Party has secured the key posts of foreign, interior and defence in Austria’s new coalition government for its nominees.

Governing with the conservative People’s Party, the move makes Austria the only country in Western Europe to have a far-right party in power.

Austria’s president approved the new coalition on Saturday, two months after inconclusive elections.

People’s Party leader Sebastian Kurz, 31, will be Austria’s new chancellor.

He will become the world’s youngest head of government.

What propels young leaders to power?

Introducing the new government, and the 180-page document setting out its agenda, Mr Kurz said the two parties had agreed "on a clear pro-European outlook".

Although it is the junior coalition partner, the anti-immigration Freedom Party has secured several key posts in the new cabinet.

Party leader Heinz-Christian Strache will be vice-chancellor. His party colleagues will run the interior, defence and health and social security ministries.

The new foreign minister will be Middle East expert and writer Karin Kneissl, who is not a Freedom Party member but was nominated by the party.

Mr Kurz’s People Party won 32% of the vote in October’s elections, securing the largest number of seats (62) in the 183-seat national council.

The Freedom Party came third, securing 26% of the vote and 51 seats.

At the request of Austria’s president, the posts of justice minister and interior minister would not be held by the same party, Mr Kurz said.

The chancellor-designate was quick to retweet congratulations from his fellow youthful conservative prime minister, Ireland’s Leo Varadkar.

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Analysis: Key posts in right-wing hands

Bethany Bell, Vienna

Unlike most of Europe’s populist parties, the Freedom Party, a major player in Austria for years, has managed to translate its success at the ballot box into real political power.

That’s reflected in the key posts that it has secured in this government: the interior, defence and foreign ministries.

The opposition has expressed concern that the police and the security apparatus are now all firmly in the hands of the Freedom Party.

In recent years, the party has toned down some of its more extreme rhetoric. But many analysts believe that, in or out of government, it has helped set a right-wing agenda, not just in Austria - but in other countries across Europe as well.

When the far-right Freedom Party last entered a coalition in Austria in 2000, its fellow EU member states froze bilateral diplomatic relations in response.

They were lifted months later, and such measures are unlikely to happen again, as resurgent right-wing populist groups have been promoting anti-immigration and Eurosceptic agendas across much of the EU.

But unlike the Freedom Party, those other parties have struggled to convert electoral success into real power:

Earlier this year, Marine Le Pen’s far-right National Front party lost the French presidential election comprehensively. Ms Le Pen was defeated by Emmanuel Macron, a liberal centrist and strong supporter of the European Union

Elsewhere, the Dutch anti-immigration Freedom Party of Geert Wilders was defeated by liberal leader Mark Rutte

In Germany, the nationalist and populist right of Alternative for Germany (AfD) gained seats in the national parliament, where it is now the third biggest party, but it is not in the frame for coalition talks

Who’s who in the new government?

Chancellor: Sebastian Kurz, People’s Party. The 31-year-old was foreign minister in the outgoing Austrian government.

Interior minister: Herbert Kickl, Freedom Party. The party’s general secretary and campaign director, 49, was a speechwriter for the late party leader Jörg Haider and is a close confidant of the current leader, Hans-Christian Strache.

Foreign minister: Karin Kneissl, nominated by the Freedom Party but not a member. The former foreign ministry employee and Middle East expert, 52, speaks eight languages and is not afraid of controversy, according to Austrian media.

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Source: https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/12/16/571318499/new-austrian-government-will-have-a-far-right-tilt

New Austrian Government Will Have A Far-Right Tilt

December 16, 201711:45 AM ET
Miles Parks

The leader of Austria’s conservative People’s Party, Sebastian Kurz (right), and the country’s far-right Freedom Party, Heinz-Christian Strache (left) give a joint press conference in Vienna on Saturday.
ROLAND SCHLAGER/AFP/Getty Images

Austria finalized a deal late Friday to make the 31-year-old Sebastian Kurz Europe’s youngest leader, and to form a new governing coalition that will include a far-right party with Nazi roots.

Exactly two months after Austrians went to the polls, Kurz struck a deal to join his conservative Austrian People’s Party with the right-wing Freedom Party, led by Heinz-Christian Strache.

Strache, who was once arrested for "taking part in a Hitler Youth-style torchlit neo-Nazi rally" according to the U.K.’s The Telegraph, will serve as vice chancellor and minister for sports and public servants, and his nationalist Freedom Party will have members in several key leadership positions including the interior, defense, and foreign ministries.

The Austrian People’s Party will have seven ministers and one deputy, and the Freedom Party will have five ministers and one deputy, according to the Associated Press.

On Saturday morning, left-leaning Austrian president Alexander Van der Bellen did not object to the new governing coalition, reports NPR’s Soraya Sarhaddi-Nelson.

He "gave what looked like a forced smile in front of cameras," Nelson said, and cryptically told reporters "as much as a morning can be good, I bid you good morning."

Austria is governed by a parliamentary republic. A president is elected every six years as chief of state, but the head of government is the chancellor, who is the leader of the majority party.

The new government is expected to be sworn in on Monday. Austria will become the only western European country with a governing far-right party.

Kurz is currently the country’s foreign minister, and he has "stressed the importance of a pro-European direction" according to the AP, although the Freedom Party, which has control of the foreign ministry, has traditionally been Euroskeptic.

Van der Bellen assured on Saturday, however, that in the party coalition negotiations it was agreed upon to support a "strong European Union."

The People’s Party received 31 percent of the votes in October’s election, the most of any party. The Freedom Party, which was founded in the 1950s by a former Nazi minister, came in second place with 27 percent.

Many have voiced concern over the Freedom Party having a prominent role in the country’s government.

"It is sad and distressing that such a platform should receive more than a quarter of the vote and become the country’s second party," said Ronald S. Lauder, the president of the World Jewish Congress, around the time of the election. "It is still full of xenophobes and racists and is, mildly put, very ambiguous toward Austria’s Nazi."