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South Africa: Ruth First and Joe Slovo in the war agaist apartheid

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Wednesday 26 September 2018, by siawi3


Ruth First and Joe Slovo in the War Against Apartheid

by Alan Wieder

Foreword by Nadine Gordimer

Publication Date: July 2013
Number of Pages: 464
Paperback ISBN: 9781583673560
Cloth ISBN: 9781583673577
eBook ISBN: 9781583673584

Read Nadine Gordimer’s Foreword

Read an excerpt on Truthdig and LINKS: Journal of International Socialist Renewal

Ruth First and Joe Slovo, husband and wife, were leaders of the war to end apartheid in South Africa. Communists, scholars, parents, and uncompromising militants, they were the perfect enemies for the white police state. Together they were swept up in the growing resistance to apartheid, and together they experienced repression and exile. Their contributions to the liberation struggle, as individuals and as a couple, are undeniable. Ruth agitated tirelessly for the overthrow of apartheid, first in South Africa and then from abroad, and Joe directed much of the armed struggle carried out by the famous Umkhonto we Sizwe. Only one of them, however, would survive to see the fall of the old regime and the founding of a new, democratic South Africa.

This book, the first extended biography of Ruth First and Joe Slovo, is a remarkable account of one couple and the revolutionary moment in which they lived. Alan Wieder’s heavily researched work draws on the usual primary and secondary sources but also an extensive oral history that he has collected over many years. By intertwining the documentary record with personal interviews, Wieder portrays the complexities and contradictions of this extraordinary couple and their efforts to navigate a time of great tension, upheaval, and revolutionary hope.

Visit the blog for Ruth First and Joe Slovo in the War Against Apartheid


A truly remarkable work. Alan Wieder shows himself as a writer equal to their life story, their inspiring bravery in action and self-analysis.

—Nadine Gordimer, author, activist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature


Truly a special achievement—the first book to look at these two important people, their work, and their partnership. It’s a sad and wonderful tale. I loved meeting Ruth and Joe and all of the supporting characters again in its pages. A job well done.

—Glenn Frankel, author, Rivonia’s Children: Three Families and the Cost of Conscience in White South Africa


The South African victory over apartheid quickly became the stuff of legend: the power of good triumphing over the forces of evil, the mighty Nelson Mandela offering a beacon of hope to oppressed peoples the world around. True, true, and of course much more complicated in reality. Alan Wieder’s great accomplishment here is to provide a clear window into that complex reality, and in the process to rescue the revolution from its myth-makers. Focusing on the lives of the colorful and contradictory revolutionaries Ruth First and Joe Slovo, Wieder provides detail and context, personality and character to one of the epic struggles of all time. This book is a gripping social history, a love song to the revolution, and a passionate and enlightening portrait of a partnership, a love-affair, and two extraordinary activists who cast their fates with the dreams of people everywhere for justice and freedom.

—Bill Ayers & Bernardine Dohrn


Demonized by apartheid, Joe and Ruth were revolutionary heroes for black South Africans. They were formidable opponents in word and deed. This absorbing account does them justice and illuminates the complexity and richness of their often stormy relationship and extraordinary times.

—Ronnie Kasrils, anti-apartheid leader and solidarity activist; former Minister of Intelligence in South Africa; author, The Unlikely Secret Agent


Remarkable … an achievement for which author Alan Wieder deserves great credit. Writing as an oral history field worker and teacher, I conclude that the book could not have been done by someone who lacked the skill and patience of an oral historian such as Wieder. The entirety of this book has the personal touch and will reward reading and rereading.

—Paul Buhle, Swans Commentary


Wieder’s book enlarges and enriches our understanding of the lives of First and Slovo, their intense and turbulent relationship, their personalities and impact on others, and their various roles as lawyer, journalist, underground operative, researcher, teacher, author, political and military leader, negotiator and cabinet minister. The evocation of the Johannesburg left during the 1950s—Gillian Slovo called them her parents’ Camelot years—is vivid and well-observed. Ruth, Joe, and their circle combined commitment and camaraderie with conspiracy and concealment—and also with carelessness and complacency. The account of tensions between the ANC and SACP, and Joe’s efforts to reconcile African nationalism and socialism, is nuanced and important. The discussion of Ruth as writer-researcher and researcher-teacher makes use of earlier evaluations, but goes beyond them in an important assessment of her work as an academic engagé.

—Colin Bundy, former Principal of Green Templeton College, University of Oxford


It has been a real privilege for me to read Alan Wieder’s book. It brought me back in touch with two remarkable and complex people and activists. Ruth First and Joe Slovo emerge from this book as flesh and blood human beings facing monumentally difficult decisions. Each of them, and those dearest to them, paid a high price for their respective life choices. Yet Ruth and Joe’s integrity and full-throated commitment to a different kind of South Africa not only played an important role in doing away with the obscenity that was apartheid, they also represent a clear road not taken in post-apartheid South Africa. This book evokes a vital period which became a focus of myth-making rather than the kind of clear-eyed, honest history Ruth and Joe would each have ultimately have deemed essential.

—Dan O’Meara, author, Volkskapitalisme, and coauthor, The Struggle for South Africa


To the Movements he led, he was known by his initials. JS. His last name had become anthemic when the mostly black guerilla army belted out “Joe Slovo” in song as they marched on parade or executed sabotage missions in the secret war against apartheid. You can’t really appreciate South Africa’s transition to democracy without knowing why Nelson Mandela relied on his sense of strategy and how his bravery inspired a revolution committed to non-racialism. He was a communist known for red socks and a willingness to make compromises with capitalists that sealed the path to freedom. And just like Nelson’s relationship with Winnie made him stronger through his long years in confinement, Joe’s often tumultuous relationship with his wife and comrade Ruth First, a brilliant journalist and analyst, until her assassination, helped define the discourse of the ANC’s painful years in exile. Now Alan Wieder has plunged into their past of domestic and political struggle to share their story with the scope, context, and detail that it deserves. And we all will appreciate his commitment and style in critically respecting their contributions and bringing this dynamic duo alive as the complex, loving and caring people they were.

—Danny Schechter, Founder and Director of “South Africa Now,” Director of six films on Nelson Mandela

Alan Wieder is an oral historian who lives in Portland, Oregon. He is distinguished professor emeritus at the University of South Carolina and has also taught at the University of the Western Cape and Stellenbosch University in South Africa. In the last ten years he has published two books and numerous articles on South Africans who fought against the apartheid regime. Nadine Gordimer (1923-2014) was a South African writer and activist. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1991.



The Ruth First Papers project

Photo: Ruth First and Winnie Mandela

Exiled from her homeland, Rurh wrote important work on Africa – from a book on Libya to the best book on coup d’états on the continent – as well as a classic about being imprisoned (117 Days). ‘Politicians are men who compete with one another for power’, Ruth wrote in 1969, ‘not men who use power to confront their country’s problems’. She was assassinated in her office in Mozambique on August 17 by the South African police.

The Ruth First Papers are the collected notes and writings of Ruth First, activist, campaigning journalist and scholar. The project aims to create and populate a digital archive of a selection of Ruth First’s writings held at the ICwS and in partner collections. The resource as a whole will represent a digital version of the Ruth First Resource Centre that was called for in the immediate aftermath of her assassination.

If you’re a researcher interested in using the Ruth First Papers collection for your work, or a teacher planning to use our material in a class, don’t hesitate to contact us to find out what new material will be released soon, or where you might find specific files.



Every Secret Thing: My Family, My Country

Paperback – 6 Aug 2009

by Gillian Slovo

A passionate witness to the colossal upheaval that has transformed her native South Africa, Gillian Slovo has written a memoir that is far more than a story of her own life. For she is the daughter of Joe Slovo and Ruth First, South Africa’s pioneering anti-apartheid white activists, a daughter who always had to come second to political commitment. Whilst recalling the extraordinary events which surrounded her family’s persecution and exile, and reconstructing the truth of her parents’ relationship and her own turbulent childhood, Gillian Slovo has also created an astonishing portrait of a courageous, beautiful mother and a father of integrity and stoicism.